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HOME > Prosecutions > Domestic Violence

  Domestic Violence / Violence Against Women  
 Cycle of Violence   Prosecution   Confidential Address Program    Warning Signs 
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Domestic Violence PSA (click image to play video)

Domestic violence follows a pattern that is described as the cycle of abuse. It is a pattern of living in which one person (usually the man) uses violence or other abusive behavior to control and maintain power over a spouse, partner or other family member. It may include physical abuse, verbal abuse, psychological abuse, economic abuse and/or sexual abuse. It has a devastating impact on the self-esteem and quality of life of victims and their children. It is the leading cause of injury and death to women between the ages of 15-44, exceeding car accidents, muggings and rapes. Domestic violence not only affects the abused victim, but it also affects the children who witness the abuse. Statistics indicate that domestic violence is the single best predictor of juvenile delinquency and adult criminality.
  The first part of the cycle is known as the “tension building” period. During this time, the batterer becomes edgy, irritable or impatient due to work or family problems. The victim senses the batterer’s increasing tension, knowing he’s getting ready to explode. She walks on eggshells, being careful of what she says and how she acts. She may start hiding guns or knives. The victim’s attempts to alleviate the tension are futile, and the tension explodes into violence.

Violence is the second part of the cycle. It is the shortest but most intense period. The batterer explodes and the victim is abused. The batterer may make unreasonable demands upon the victim. He may yell at the victim for hours, destroy something that has special meaning to her, or give out severe physical punishment. The physical abuse can range from pushing, slapping and punching to torture, rape and murder.

After the violence, a period of calm follows, which is known as the “honeymoon” period. During this time, the defendant is kind, thoughtful, charming, and remorseful. He may tell the victim that he is sorry, that he loves her, and that he will never act that way again. He may bring her flowers or buy her an expensive gift. He may also minimize the violence and place the blame on the victim for causing the violence. After a period of time, the cycle begins again.

The Tulare County District Attorney’s Office is dedicated to meeting the problem of domestic violence through specialized domestic violence programs. These programs provide direct support to victims of domestic violence. Services include emotional support, the dissemination of information regarding the court process, liaison services between the prosecutor, police and victim, and counseling and referral to necessary agencies as required by the needs of the victim. These services are offered from the minute the case is filed by our office, until the time the abuser is sentenced and, in some cases, after sentencing.

If you are a victim of domestic violence, the Tulare County District Attorney’s Office urges you to seek help. The violence will not go away on its own. Remember, you have the right to be safe and so do your children. No one has the right to physically or emotionally abuse you. You are not alone.


The Tulare County District Attorney’s Office was awarded a grant to prosecute domestic violence, stalking, and adult sexual assault in the county. The program is funded under the federal Violence Against Women Act. The award is one of only 25 given statewide.

The Violence Against Women Vertical Prosecution Program grant provides funding for an experienced felony Deputy District Attorney and District Attorney Investigator, and a Victim Advocate.

This program is a continuation of your District Attorney’s dedication to protecting women, children, and families through the Family Protection Division.

  Confidential Address Program  

The Confidential Address Program is administered by the office of the Secretary of State, Bill Jones. It is a no cost mail forwarding service designed to help victims of domestic violence who have recently moved or plan to move to a safe place unknown to their abusers.

The staff at the Victim/Witness Assistance Center has been trained to assist victims of domestic violence in the enrollment process. Any interested victim of domestic violence is encouraged to contact the Victim/Witness Assistance Division at (559) 636-5471 for further information.



Office of the District Attorney, County of Tulare
 ▫  221 S Mooney Blvd, Rm 224, Visalia, CA 93291-4593    (559) 636-5494
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